Edmonton – The federal government’s draft woodland caribou recovery strategy — released last week, four years overdue — is illegal and fails on multiple fronts to comply with requirements under the Species at Risk Act, Ecojustice said.
“This is not a recovery plan. This is barely a survival plan,” said Melissa Gorrie, Ecojustice staff lawyer. “SARA requires that recovery plans be based in science, but this plan clearly prioritizes political and industrial interests over that of the animals it is supposed to protect.”
Caribou need large, continuous tracts of old-growth conifer forests and peatlands to survive. In the case of Alberta’s struggling northeastern herds (the subject of an Ecojustice court application earlier this year), the science is clear that their habitat must be improved if these herds are to survive.
The proposed recovery strategy, however, makes no mention of improving habitat. Rather, it allows for further habitat destruction, so long as a “stabilization plan” is in place. Habitat protection is only guaranteed in cases where a herd has a where five per cent of its habitat untouched.
“The federal government is setting an insultingly low bar. Essentially any herd in serious decline is being written off,” Gorrie said. “The bottom line is that this plan is illegal under SARA, as it defies scientific evidence on what caribou need to survive, nevermind actually recover.”
Recovery strategies are intended to ensure the recovery — not simply the survival — of species listed under SARA.
Caribou in northreastern Alberta are in rapid decline due to unchecked oilsands development and human disturbance destroying the habitat they need to survive. A 2010 report from the Government of Alberta stated that should the pace of current industrial development continue, herds in the area are likely to disappear in less than 40 years.
“Unfortunately, it seems the federal government is willing to sacrifice Canada’s caribou for more unsustainable industrial development,” Gorrie said. “This recovery strategy is destined to fail its purpose — to ensure the survival and recovery of this iconic species.”
Ecojustice is currently reviewing its legal options, but must wait until the final recovery strategy is posted to proceed.
- Federal Court overturns Minister’s decision not to recommend emergency protection for caribou (media release) (pembina.org)
- Environmental groups pan caribou recovery plan (cbc.ca)
- Caribou plan needs 2nd look, court tells Ottawa (cbc.ca)
- In fight to protect caribou, legal victory for Pembina increases pressure on Government of Canada to take action (blog) (pembina.org)
- Industries fighting endangered status for caribou (ctv.ca)
- Preserving a home for the woodland caribou (theglobeandmail.com)
- Arctic caribou herds may have stopped decline: biologist (theglobeandmail.com)
- Caribou in oilsands region doomed: study (ctv.ca)
- Alberta Utilities Commission fails to protect public interest with final coal plant approval (media release) (pembina.org)