FORREX Watershed Management Extension Listserv – March 4, 2009

This list posting, published by FORREX Forum for Research and Extension in Natural Resources, is supported in part by BC Ministry of Forests and Range through the Forest Investment Account, Forest Science Program. For details or to contact FORREX, visit www.forrex.org

BC Pacific Salmon Forum Releases Final Report

Following four years of research and dialogue, the BC Pacific Salmon Forum released its Final Report and Recommendations on what needs to be done to improve understanding of the economic, social and environmental sustainability of BC wild salmon stocks and salmon aquaculture on the coast. The Forum found wild salmon face unprecedented threats to both ocean and freshwater habitats due to climate change and watershed impacts as a result of human activity.
The Forum’s report acknowledges concerns expressed about the impacts of salmon farming on wild salmon. The Forum believes that salmon farming and wild salmon can coexist only if farms are rigorously managed in accordance with its recommended ecosystem thresholds.
The 95 page report includes 16 recommendations for the provincial government over the next four years to help achieve the Premier’s goal of having ‘the best managed fisheries bar none’.

Final Report: http://www.pacificsalmonforum.ca/final/index.php

Background Documents:
Harvey, B. 2008. Nowhere to Hide – Salmon versus People in the 21st Century
Harvey, B. 2008. Science and Sea Lice: What do we know?
O-Riordan, J. 2007. Thinking as a watershed.
O’Riodan, J. 2007. Review of British Columbia’s Statutes and Regulations Affecting Wild Salmon Management.
Pearsall, I. 2008. Broughton Archipelago: A State of Knowledge
Pennell, B, and Ackerman, P. 2006. Research Priorities on Sea Lice, Wild Salmon and Farmed Salmon Interactions.

Pacific Salmon Forum 2008 research findings
The BC Pacific Salmon Forum has released key findings of its 2008 research program, based on the preliminary reports of some 15 research projects involving over 30 scientists and other personnel.  These interim findings and the reports provided by individual research teams have been examined and approved by the Forum’s Science Advisory Committee.
http://www.pacificsalmonforum.ca/pdfs-all-docs/2008BroughtonResearchResults.pdf

5) Assessing the Response of Streams to Contemporary Forest Practices: A Conference on Paired Watershed Studies

The Watersheds Research Cooperative at Oregon State University sponsored a regional conference on paired watershed studies on October 13 & 14, 2008. The motivation for the conference was to hold a forum where the preliminary, post-treatment results from the first harvest entry in Hinkle Creek could be communicated to the cooperators as a body of work. The research results from Hinkle Creek were augmented with six synthesis talks on the state-of-the-knowledge regarding the environmental impacts of forest practices. There were additional presentations made on research directions for the Trask Paired Watershed Study, research approaches that synthesize results across all three of the WRC paired watershed studies, and approaches to watershed research outside of the WRC studies.
There are three products available from this conference. The first product is the conference workbook that was given to the participants of the conference. It consists of the program for the conference, a set of extended abstracts that describe the presentations, and a list of the cooperators of the WRC. This booklet is available as a pdf. The second product is the PowerPoint presentations for all of the speakers that used that format for their presentation. These presentations are also available as a pdf . Finally, you are encouraged to peruse the PowerPoint presentations and the accompanying extended abstracts. If you would desire further information for any aspect of a study or presentation, you are encouraged to contact the individual speaker. A list of speakers with their contact information is also available as a pdf.
6) CWRA Flood Protection Seminar
March 26, 2009
New Westminster, BC
This lunch time seminar will present several recent flood protection projects in BC. Lunch is included in the registration. The seminar will be followed by the BC Branch AGM at 3:30 pm.
If you have any questions about the event please contact Andrew Wiens at Associated Engineering: Email wiensa@ae.ca, Phone (604) 293-1411
7) Pacific Climate Seminar Series: The PRISM Approach to Mapping Climate in Complex Regions
March 18, 2009
University of Victoria (Rm C168 Sedgewick Bldg.)
The PRISM Approach to Mapping Climate in Complex Regions
Dr. Christopher Daly, Professor and Director, PRISM Group, Oregon State University
Abstract: Spatial climate data sets in digital form are used heavily in a variety of models and decision support tools for agriculture, hydrology, ecology, natural resource conservation, and many other disciplines.  The PRISM climate mapping system is the leading method for developing these data sets, especially in complex regions such as western North America.  The premise behind PRISM is that physiographic features on the earth’s surface, namely water bodies and terrain, produce the major spatial patterns in climate.  Water bodies provide moisture sources for precipitation, and create complex temperature gradients along coastlines and in adjacent inland areas.   Terrain effects include the direct effect of altitude; the blockage and uplift of major flow patterns by terrain barriers; and cold air drainage and pooling in valleys and depressions.  This presentation will provide an overview of how PRISM works, and focus on the ways in which it accounts for physiographic factors.  It will conclude with a short summary of current and recent PRISM Group projects, focusing on Pacific North America and potential linkages to PCIC activities.
8) Marine Conservation Caucus: workshop proceedings “Strengthening Marine and Freshwater Conservation in BC”
The proceedings report from the November 21, 2008 MCC workshop Strengthening Marine and Freshwater Conservation in BC is now available on the MCC website at http://www.mccpacific.org/mccworkshop2008.htm.
9) Carnation Creek Channel Morphology Study Results
The results from 38 years of annual stream channel surveys at Carnation Creek have recently been posted. Annual ground-based surveys have been conducted du
ring summer in eight representative study sections (60-120 m long) distributed in both clearcut and riparian-buffered stream areas.  These track the physical channel conditions for each of eight study areas over time.  They have been arranged to display the changes graphically, accompanied by plotted changes in channel dimensions and stored sediment.  These form the basis for on-going analysis of sediment transfer, channel morphology and best monitoring practices.
http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hre/ffip/CarnationCrk_files/A_Zimmermann/Chan_Morph_Study.htm
10) BC Ministry of Forests and Range: Adapting to Climate Change Newsletter

These newsletters describe current thinking of some ministry scientists and members of the FFEI team. Please be aware that views expressed in the newsletters do not necessarily reflect official ministry policy.
Newsletters will be posted at http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/ffei/, and the first in the series is posted now. If you want to be notified about future editions, you’ll have to subscribe to the news service by going to http://lists.gov.bc.ca/mailman/listinfo/l_for_ffei_news and Subscribing to L_for_FFEI_News. 

11) Streamline – individuals articles now available for download

Streamline Watershed Management Bulletin can now be downloaded as a full issue or individual articles. To access Streamline issues and articles, please visit: http://www.forrex.org/publications/streamline/streamline.asp

New Publications

Greig, M and Bull, G. 2008. Carbon management in British Columbia’s forests: Opportunities and challenges. FORREX Forum for Research and Extension in Natural Resources, Kamloops, B.C. FORREX Series 24.
2) Hassan, MA et al. 2008. Sediment storage and transport in coarse bed streams: scale considerations. In Habersack, H et al. eds. Gravel-Bed Rivers VI: From Process Understanding to River Restoration. Elsevier. p. 473-496. (pdf)
3) Bruce, B et al. 2008. Groundwater resources assessment under the pressures of humanity and climate change: a framework document. GRAPHIC series No 2. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 31 p.
4) Recent Issues of Stream Notes, USDA Stream Systems Technology Centre:
January 2009
-Stream Simulation: An Ecological Approach to Providing Passage for Aquatic Organisms at Road-Stream Crossings
-Effects of Ski Slope Development on Stream Channel Morphology in Colorado

October 2008
-A Simple Alphanumeric Classification of Wood Debris Size and Shape
-Watershed Assessment of River Stability and Sediment Supply (WARSSS)
-River Variability and Complexity
-StreamStats Update: The Map-based Web Application to Obtain Flow Data from Ungaged Streams
-Training Products and Videos for Identifying Bankfull Stage are Now Available Online
July 2008
-Erosion Risk Management Tool (ERMiT)
-Saving West Coast Salmon
5) Brown, TC and Peterson, GL. 2009. An enquiry into the method of paired comparison: reliability, scaling, and Thurstone’s Law of Comparative Judgment. Gen Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-216WWW. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 98 p. http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs/rmrs_gtr216.pdf
6) Spies, T. 2009. Old growth revisited: integrating social, economic, and ecological perspectives, based on science. Science Findings No. 110, USDA Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/sciencef/scifi110.pdf

Recent Theses of Interest

Bahuguna, D. 2008. Postharvest windthrow and recruitment of large woody debris in riparian buffers. MSc Thesis. University of British Columbia. 126 pp. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/3326

Hoover, T. 2008. Hydrodynamic controls on the movement of invertebrate larvae and organic matter in small streams. PhD Thesis. University of British Columbia. 252 pp. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/1394

Richards, J. 2008. Alpine proglacial stream temperature dynamics. MSc Thesis. University of British Columbia. 93 pp. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/5039

Sam, M. 2008. Okanagan water systems: an historical retrospect of control, domination and change. MA Thesis. University of British Columbia. 106 pp. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/2785

Zegre, NP. 2008. Local and downstream effects of contemporary forest harvesting on streamflow and sediment yield. PhD Thesis, Oregon State University. 181 pp. [PDF]

Recent journal articles of interest:

Adam, JC et al. 2009. Implications of global climate change for snowmelt hydrology in the twenty-first century. Hydrological Processes 23 962-972.
Ali, GA and Roy, AG. 2009. Revisiting hydrologic sampling strategies for an accurate assessment of hydrologic connectivity in humid temperate systems. Geography Compass 3: 350-374.

Amiro, B. 2009. Measuring boreal forest evapotranspiration using the energy balance residual.Journal of Hydrology 366: 112-118.


Briggs, MA et al. 2009. A method for estimating surface transient storage parameters for streams with concurrent hyporheic storage. Water Resources Research, 45: W00D27, doi:10.1029/2008WR006959.


Clark, MP. 2009. Consistency between hydrological models and field observations: linking processes at the hillslope scale to hydrological responses at the watershed scale. Hydrological Processes 23:311-319.

Cote, D et al. 2009. A new measure of longitudinal connectivity for stream networks. Landscape Ecology 24(1):101-113.
Crozier, LG et al. 2008. Evolutionary responses to climate change for organisms with complex life histories: evolution and plasticity in Pacific salmon. Evolutionary Applications 1(1):252-270.

Cuo, L et al. 2009. Effects of a century of land cover and climate change on the hydrology of the Puget Sound Basin. Hydrological Processes 23: 907-933.
Daily, GC et al. 2009. Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliver. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 7: 21-28.
Dun, S. 2009. Adapting the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model for forest applications. Journal of Hydrology 366: 46-54.
Eaton, BC and Church, M.
2009. Channel stability in bed load-dominated streams with nonerodible banks: Inferences from experiments in a sinuous flume. Journal of Geophysical Research, Earth Surface 114(F01024):doi:10.1029/2007JF000902.
Fisher, B et al. 2008. Ecosystem services and economic theory: Integration for policy-relevant research. Ecological Applications 18: 2050-2067.
Fullerton, AH et al. 2009. Putting watershed restoration in context: Alternative future scenarios influence management outcomes. Ecological Applications 19: 218-235.
Good, TP et al. 2008. Incorporating catastrophic risk assessments into setting conservation goals for Pacific salmon. Ecological Applications 18(1): 246-257.
Guthrie, RH. 2009. Forestry and landslides: What’s acceptable in BC? Forestry Chronicle 85: 25-31.
Hahn, HJ. 2009. A proposal for an extended typology of groundwater habitats. Hydrogeology Journal 17: 77-81.
Humphreys, WF. 2009. Hydrogeology and groundwater ecology: Does each inform the other?Hydrogeology Journal 17: 5-21.
Juracek, KE and Fitzpatrick, FA. 2009. Geomorphic applications of stream-gage information. River Research and Applications 25: 329-347.
Kirchner, JW. 2009. Catchments as simple dynamical systems: Catchment characterization, rainfall-runoff modelling, and doing hydrology backwards. Water Resources Research 45: W02429 doi:10.1029/2008WR006912.
Lecce, SA. 2009. A Depth-Proportional Intake Device for Automatic Water Samplers. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 45: 272-277.
Lundquist, J et al. 2009. Use of spatially distributed stream stage recorders to augment rain gages by identifying locations of thunderstorm precipitation and distinguishing rain from snow. Water Resources Research 45, W00D25, doi:10.1029/2008WR006995.
Lyon, S et al. 2008. Coupling terrestrial and atmospheric water dynamics to improve prediction in a changing environment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 89:, 1275-1279
Macias Fauria, M and Johnson, EA. 2009. Large-scale climatic patterns and area affected by mountain pine beetle in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research 114: G01012, doi:10.1029/2008JG000760.
Malcolm, IA et al. 2009. Fine scale variability of hyporheic hydrochemistry in salmon spawning gravels with contrasting groundwater-surface water interactions. Hydrogeology Journal 17: 161-174.
Mbogga, MS et al. 2009. Historical and projected climate data for natural resource management in western Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149: 881-890.
Mkhabela, MS et al. 2009. Comparison of carbon dynamics and water use efficiency following fire and harvesting in Canadian boreal forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149: 783-794.
Moore, JW et al. 2007. Biotic control of stream fluxes: spawning salmon drive nutrient and matter export. Ecology 88(5):1278-1291.
Moore, JW et al. 2008. Habitat saturation drives thresholds in stream subsidies. Ecology 89(2):306-312.
Ogden, AE and Innes, JL. 2009. Application of structured decision making to an assessment of climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation options for sustainable forest management. Ecology and Society 14(1): 11. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art11/
Pepin, N and Lundquist, J. 2008. Temperature trends at high elevations: Patterns across the globe.Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L14701, doi: 10.1029/2008GL034026.
Pollock, MM et al. 2009. Stream Temperature Relationships to Forest Harvest in Western Washington. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 45:141-156.
Savenije, HHG. 2009. The art of hydrology. Hydrology and Earth System Science 13 157-161.
Seyfried, MS et al. 2009. Simulated soil water storage effects on streamflow generation in a mountainous snowmelt environment, Idaho, USA. Hydrological Processes 23: 858-873.
Shea, JM et al. 2009. Derivation of melt factors from glacier mass-balance records in western Canada. Journal of Glaciology 55:123-130.
Silins, U et al. 2008. Impacts of wildfire and post-fire salvage logging on sediment transfer in the Oldman watershed, Alberta, Canada. Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments (Proceedings of a symposium held in Christchurch, New Zealand, December 2008). IAHS Publication 325:510-515.
Slaymaker, O. 2009. The future of geomorphology. Geography Compass 3: 329-349.
Springer, AE and Stevens, LE. 2009. Spheres of discharge of springs. Hydrogeology Journal 17: 83-93.
Tetzlaff, D et al. 2009. How does landscape structure influence catchment transit time across different geomorphic provinces? Hydrological Processes 23: 945-953.
Tremblay, Y et al. 2009. Changes in stream water quality due to logging of the boreal forest in the Montmorency Forest, Québec. Hydrological Processes 23(5):764-776.
Troch, PA et al. 2009. Dealing with landscape heterogeneity in watershed hydrology: A review of recent progress toward a new hydrological theory. Geography Compass 3: 375-392.
Villarin, LA et al. 2009. Riparian forest structure and succession in second-growth stands of the central Cascade Mountains, Washington, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 1375-1452.
Waples, RS et al. 2008. Evolutionary history of Pacific salmon in dynamic environments.Evolutionary Applications 1:189-206.
Waples, RS et al. 2009. Evolutionary history, habitat disturbance regimes, and anthropogenic changes: What do these mean for resilience of Pacific salmon populations? Ecology and Society14(1): 3. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art3/
Weiss, DJ and Walsh, SJ. 2009. Remote sensing of mountain environments. Geography Compass 3: 1-21.

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