Community Planning: An Introduction to the Comprehensive Plan

Community Planning is an introductory textbook that provides a thorough examination of the comprehensive planning process as practiced in the United States today. The authors consider all aspects of the comprehensive plan: its elements, adoption, and implementation.


[Publisher Comments]
The book:
* introduces the planning student to the job of a planner
* defines and explains the importance of a comprehensive plan
* details the separate elements that make up the comprehensive plan
* directs students to resources for obtaining data necessary for creating and updating a plan
* provides techniques for citizen participation
The authors begin with a series of six chapters that offer a step-by-step approach to creating a comprehensive plan for a city, county, town, or village. Following that, they consider focused and specialized plans for particular geographic areas (neighborhoods or downtowns) or for particular planning topics (transportation, parks and recreation). The book concludes with a section that presents techniques of plan implementation.
Each chapter ends with separate boxes that consider, for that stage of development, the role of the planner and how citizens can participate in and influence the planning process. In addition, each chapter presents exercises designed to reinforce the learning in the chapter and offers questions for further discussion.
By using the framework of the comprehensive plan and walking the reader through the planning process, the authors clearly demonstrate what planners do, and how citizens can become involved in shaping the future of their community. The book will be an invaluable resource for students and faculty in planning departments across the country.
Contents
Foreword
Introduction: Substance and Structure of the Book Focus on Comprehensive Planning Users’ Guide
Part I. The Comprehensive Planning Process
Chapter 1. Introduction to Planning
Elements of a Planning Process
Planning Traditions in the United States
Planning in a Contemporary Democracy
Maps as Planning Tools
Conclusion
Chapter 2. Introduction to the Comprehensive Plan
Comprehensive Plan Defined: Examples
Historic Evolution of the Comprehensive Plan
Elements of a Comprehensive Plan
Role of the Planning Commission
Conclusion
Chapter 3. Where Are We? Analysis of Existing Conditions in the Community
Practical Aspects of Existing Conditions Analysis
Conclusion
Chapter 4. Where Can We Go? Projecting Possible Futures for the Community
Techniques for Determining What Is Feasible
Feasibility and the Comprehensive Planning Process
Conclusion
Chapter 5. Where Do We Want to Go? Involving Citizens in Making a Plan
Methods of Achieving Citizen Participation
Approaches to Planning and Citizen Participation
Techniques for Citizen Participation
Conclusion
Part II. The Tangible Plan
Chapter 6. How Do We Plan for Future Land Use?
Creating the Future Land-Use Map
Conclusion
Chapter 7. How Do We Plan for Public Facilities
Overview of the Issues
Federal, State, and Regional Involvement
Planning for Roads and Other Infrastructure
Planning for the Movement of People and Goods
Planning for Sewer and Water Systems
Planning for Parks and Open Space
Planning for Schools, Fire Stations, and Other Facilities
Planning for Telecommunications Infrastructure
Conclusion
Chapter 8. Putting It All Together
The Adoption Process
The Final Plan
The Best Forum for an Adopted Plan
Contents
of the Official Plan
Internal Consistency
Conclusion: Adoption, Publication, and Distribution
Part III. Making Plans Work
Chapter 9. Decisions That Change the Land
Conclusion
Chapter 10. How Do We Control the Use of Private Land?
Regulating Use
Regulating Intensity
Regulating Dimensions
Design Implications of Zoning
The Zoning Map
Rezoning
Cluster Zoning and Planned Unit Development
Variances
Special Exceptions, Conditional Uses, Uses by Review
Conclusion
Chapter 11. How Do We Control the Development of Land?
Concept and Substance of Subdivisions Regulation
Issues in Subdivision Design
Subdivision Review Process
Conclusion
Chapter 12. How Do Control When and Where Development Takes Place
Adequate Public Facilities Controls
Phased-Growth Programs
Rate-of-Growth Programs
Urban Growth and Urban Service Area Boundaries
Annexation
Growth Shapers
Conclusion
Chapter 13. When and Where to Build New Public Facilities
Policy and Political Issues
Link between CIP and Planning
Sustainability, or Shaping Growth to Fit the Plan
Capital Improvements Programs
Selecting Projects
Financing the CIP
Conclusion
Chapter 14. Fitting All These Plans Together
A Historical Perspective
The Challenge and the Opportunity
Regional Planning in the United States
Conclusion
Chapter 15. Open Space
Classification of Parks and Open Space
Community Needs and Perspectives
The Value of Open Space
Ownership and Acquisition of Open Space
Conclusion
Part IV. Plans for Special Topics or Areas
Chapter 16. Planning for Particular Geographic Areas
Neighborhood Plans
District or Sector Plans
Corridor Plans
Planning for Neighborhoods, Districts, and Corridors
Conclusion
Chapter 17. Planning for Change in Established Neighborhoods
The Shifting Federal Role
Current Trends and Programs
Issues of Social Equity
Established Areas and Sustainability
Conclusion
Chapter 18. Planning for Housing
Planning Principles
The Role of Local Government
The Role of State Government
The Role of the Federal Government
Conclusion
Chapter 19. Planning for Jobs
Principles of Economic Development
The Context for Economic Development
An Economic Development Plan
Implementation Strategies
Economic Development and Comprehensive Planning
Sustainable Economic Development
Conclusion
Part V. The Planning Profession
Chapter 20. Where Planners Work and What They Do
The Profession of Planning: AICP Definition
Where Planners Work
What Planners Do
Entry-Level Positions
Planning Salaries
Working Conditions
Related Fields
Conclusion
Chapter 21. Planning Ethics and Values
Ethics
Values
Walk the Walk
Conclusion
Chapter 22. Entering the Profession
What Makes a Good Planner
Planning Education
Professional Associates
Practical Considerations
Conclusion
Appendix A: APA-AICP Statement of Ethical Principles
Appendix B: AICP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct
Appendix C: AICP Advisory Rulings
Comprehensive Bibliography
Books and Technical Reports
Articles
Chapters in Books
Local Plans
Index?

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